Community history tells of early days
A Sacul community history written in the 1950s by J.
D. Gresham, a native, was given Heritage recently Sacul is in the northwest
corner of the county, just inside the Rusk and Cherokee county lines. Here
is Mr. Gresham's narrative.
The history of this community, Sacul, would fill many
pages. Originally, the township was in the Tolivar community which covered
a large area. The post office, Tolivar, was located about halfway between the
present towns of Cushing and Sacul, and was in the home of B. W. Pye, who was the
postmaster. This post office covered an area now composed of the Cushing and
With the construction of the Texas and New Orleans
Railroad, the town of Sacul was laid out and established on land belonging to the
Lucas family and W. T. Williamson.
This land is located on the Moses Walters 13 league
survey, which was granted to the said Moses Walters sometime prior to 1840 when
Texas was a Republic.
With the creation of the town, the founders thought
to call the place Lucas, but they discovered that there was already a post office
in Texas named Lucas, so they simply spelled Lucas backward and came up with the
name Sacul. This town was established about 1901.
The law firm of Lindsey and Harris of Nacogdoches was
given power of attorney over the township, and no lot or parcel of land in the
town could be sold without the signature of Lindsey and Harris to the deed.
This power of attorney was granted to Lindsey and Harris by John T. Lucas and W.
of the original land owners were James H. Starr, Isaac W. and John T. King,
Nancy S. Hughes, Eliza J. Whitaker, and Martha E. White. Also John D. Hughes,
L. S. Whitaker and William Clark.
Mr. Clark owned the present James H. Gresham place,
having sold it to James H. Gresham in 1893.
Some of the early business firms in Sacul were Jones
and Baucom, groceries and general merchandise; Vandevor and Dill, general
merchandise: and B. T. Burk, hardware; J. T. Gregory came to Sacul from Panola
County in 1904 and established a grocery and general merchandise business which he
ran until his death a few years ago. The first meat market was established by the
Gresham Brothers, Tom, Lewis and Arthur. The first drug store was owned and
operated by J. C. Hull. One of the first medical doctors was Charles C.
Williamson. Then came Dr. L. W. Smith and a Dr. Boucher. The drug firm
of Moore and Cranford was established in 1906 and has been operated continuously
since then by Arkan Cranford, the sole owner for many years.
The history of Sacul would be very incomplete without
the mention of J. C. (Uncle Jack) Allen who was a familiar figure on the sidewalks
until his death several years ago.
The present Sacul State Bank was organized about 1914.
Taken from: Souvenir Book, Sacul Folk Festival, 1999.
SACUL, TEXAS. Sacul, at the junction of Farm roads 204 and 1648,
twenty-one miles northwest of Nacogdoches in northwestern Nacogdoches County, was
founded just after 1900. It began when the Texas and New Orleans Railroad was
built through the area. The townspeople originally wanted to name their community
Lucas after the original owners of the land, but postal officials denied the
application because there was already another town with that name. The citizens
then resubmitted their application with the name Sacul-Lucas spelled backwards.
The Sacul post office was established in 1903, and a school had opened by the
next year. By 1914 Sacul had an estimated population of 400, served by Baptist
and Methodist churches, six general stores, three grocers, two cotton gins, a
hardware store, a bank, a sawmill, and a blacksmith. Sacul continued to prosper
during the 1920s, but its population began to decline during the 1930s as a
result of the Great Depression.qv In the
mid-1930s Sacul had ten businesses and an estimated 250 residents. After World
War IIqv its population continued to decline,
and many of its businesses closed. By 1965 the town reported 170 residents and
four businesses; in 1990 its population was still estimated at 170.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Nacogdoches County Genealogical Society, Nacogdoches County
Families (Dallas: Curtis, 1985).
"SACUL, TX." The Handbook of Texas Online. <http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/SS/hls1.html>
[Accessed Sat Jul 1 18:25:53 2000 ].
The Handbook of Texas Online is a joint project of The
General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin and the Texas
State Historical Association.